- Product Support
ChemMasters Newsletter: Vol 2 Issue 1
Like most markets, the concrete industry has developed its own terminology, some of which can be contradictory and confusing. Many terms are subject to certain industry specifications, such as concrete cures (ASTM C 309) that clearly define what they are. But other terms are less clearly defined and open to individual interpretation.
This is particularly true amongst the category of penetrating products which are often referred to as penetrating “sealers”. There isn’t an ASTM performance specification that defines what a product must do in order to be called a sealer. As a result, many different types of chemistries are frequently referred to as “sealers“.
Water repellants are effective at preventing the absorption of water.
Oils, greases and other household and environmental contaminants can stain unsealed concrete.
What does it mean to seal concrete? There isn’t a uniformity of opinion about that. Most would agree that concrete must not absorb water in order to be considered “sealed”. But what about other liquids? A water repellant surface might still absorb solvents, greases and oils. A water repellant surface might still be stained by food, beverages, fertilizers, etc. Would you expect a concrete sealer to provide protection from staining, or absorption of liquids that aren’t water based?
If your answer is no, then lots of chemistries qualify as sealers, including many penetrating products (those that leave no surface film) based upon silicates, silicones, silanes, siloxanes, linseed oil, etc. But if you expect a concrete sealer to do more than prevent water absorption, then you’ve made a distinction between penetrating water repellants and film forming sealers. If that’s the case, all film forming sealers are also water repellants but not all penetrating water repellants are sealers.
Over the years, the terms “sealer” and “water repellant” have been used interchangeably. The accuracy of that comparison will depend entirely upon your expectations of what protection a sealer should do. Penetrating chemistries can have very attractive qualities. As water repellants they can provide long lasting, highly effective protection against freeze/thaw damage and chloride ion absorption. But without a film forming component, penetrating water repellants do not offer protection against a wide array of common household and environmental contaminants. For additional protection from staining and solvent based contaminants, use a film forming sealer.
Understanding these terms and how they impact product performance is the first step to choosing a product that meets your needs and expectations.
Low-VOC, Solvent Based, Penetrating Silane Sealer for Concrete & Masonry
Aquanil Plus 40-A is a penetrating, chemically reactive alkyltrialkoxy, 40% solids, solvent based silane sealer that repels moisture and water from concrete and masonry.
Penetrating Silane Sealer for Concrete and Masonry
Aquanil Plus 100 is a penetrating, chemically reactive alkyltrialkoxysilane ›95% solids, solvent based silane sealer that repels moisture and water from concrete and masonry.
Penetrating Siloxane Low-VOC Water-Based Concrete Sealer & Waterproofer
SpallGuard WB-10 a penetrating, chemically reactive, solvent-free, silane modifed siloxane emulsion designed to be a moisture and water repellent for concrete and masonry.
Low-VOC Pure Acrylic Concrete Cure & Seal
Polyseal™ A is a high solids, high performance concrete curing and sealing compound. This state-of-the-art proprietary formulation completely resists discoloration from ultraviolet light exposure, creating a glossy membrane which remains clear throughout its service life.
Bubble Resistant Low-VOC Cure and Seal
Polyseal EZ is a proprietary formulation that resists bubble formation, cobwebbing, and stringing commonly associated with low-VOC cure and seals.
Low-VOC Solvent-Based Methyl-Methacrylate Concrete Sealer
Traz 25-A is a film forming sealer for concrete and masonry. Traz 25-A is formulated with methyl methacrylate polymers that develop high gloss and are more chemical resistant than standard acrylic sealers.
Pure Acrylic Non-Yellowing Cure and Seal
Polyseal WB is a high solids, water-based, non yellowing, acrylic concrete curing and sealing compound. This state-of-the-art proprietary formulation forms a tough acrylic film to effectively cure fresh concrete and protect older concrete.